'Recognizing the need is the primary condition for design.'

Charles Eames

'To design is to communicate clearly by whatever means you can control or master.'
Milton Glaser

Environmental Issues

Activity 1 - Review the information below and then sketch an idea for a T-Shirt design to raise ecological awareness


Answer this question using plain paper.

Do not spend more than 10 minutes completing your answer.

Sketch a simple two-colour design for a T-shirt to promote
organic food. Your design should contain the words ‘Have You
Ever Bean Green?’ and contain a visual image.


Mark Scheme

2 Line quality

3 Design brief evident in design idea

5 Application of color and text

10 points

Activity 2 - Review the information below and then answer the question on Environmental impact

Environmental issues are concerned with
the impact a new product has on nature:


● products may be made with a high
proportion of materials that cannot
be replaced, or use chemicals that
pollute the atmosphere. 

● some production processes use high
levels of non-renewable energy.




Explain one way you could produce a given product with minimum impact on the environment

3 points 

Activity 3 - Review the information below and then answer the question on Decomposition

A product may be difficult to dispose of when it has been finished with. This can cause further environmental problems. An aluminium tin can take up to 100 years to decompose. Some materials, such as untreated paper and natural fabrics, decompose much more quickly. These are known as biodegradable materials.







How long will it take for your T-Shirts to decompose?

2 Points

Activity 4 - Complete the design question below.

Question (Design Activity): 

Sketch two DIFFERENT ideas for a carton to hold 6 eggs

4 points

Draw a final idea showing development

4 Points

Annotate the sketches with constructional detial 

2 points

Packaging and the Environment

The environmental aspects of packaging are of particular concern in the design of graphic products. Here are some of the things packaging designers and manufacturers do:


● use simple materials such as recyclablepaper and card instead of plastics.

● minimise the amount of materials used, particularly where the packaging will only be used once and then thrown away.
● reducethe size, shape and weight of the packaging to minimise transport costs.


Packaging designers also:

● provide refillable containers that can be reused.

● avoid packaging materials that have been chemically treated during their production (e.g. using CFCgases), or that will poison the ground when decomposing.

● reduce the number of separate parts to make the package easier to throw away.

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© Julian Kupper